Although being around for decades, electric vehicles have rapidly grown in popularity only in the past few years. More people are now looking for a car that is cheaper to run and maintain than conventional gasoline cars, and one that comes with net zero carbon emissions.
Many countries around the world have introduced plans to reduce their carbon footprint. And a huge part of these plans includes the phasing out of gas cars. Europe is leading in these efforts – in January, the EU agreed to end sales of combustion engine vehicles by 2035. But the change is coming to the U.S., too. In late August, California approved a ban on the sale of new gas-powered vehicles by 2035, and four other states have taken steps to follow suit. Another 15 states have backed California’s zero-emission vehicle requirements.
This raises one question – are Americans ready to switch to electric vehicles considering their love for bigger, faster, and more powerful cars? In search of the answer the team at BestBrokers analyzed and visualized data from a recently-released nationally representative survey by Consumer Reports, entitled "Battery Electric Vehicles and Low Carbon Fuel". The answer might turn out to be more conclusive than one would expect.
- $22.34 billion spent on US-based battery factories in 2022 due to increased EV demand
- 71% of Americans express some level of interest in buying or leasing an electric-only vehicle
- Only 2% of Americans say they have a battery electric vehicle (BEV)
- 14% would “definitely” buy or lease an EV if they were to get one today
- In 2021, sales of plug-in EVs in the U.S. have doubled YoY to 630,000 cars, accounting for 10% of global sales
- EV sales in the U.S. hit a record high in Q2 2022 – 196,788, up 66.4% from Q2 2021
- EV sales in the U.S. hit a record high in Q2 and Q3 of 2022 – 196,788 cars were sold during the second quarter, followed by 205,682 more units in Q3
Growing Interest in EVs
The U.S. car market is still largely dominated by gasoline-powered vehicles but interest in electric vehicles has grown rapidly according to the most recent survey by Consumer Reports. The survey finds that 71% of consumers in the U.S. express interest in buying or leasing an electric-only car if they were to get one today.
14% of Americans say they would “definitely” buy/lease one, an increase from 4% who said the same in a similar survey in 2020. Another 22% of respondents say would “seriously consider” buying or leasing an EV, and 35% “might consider” one. At the same time, only 2% say they currently have a battery electric vehicle (BEV), while 3% have had one in the past.
When asked what would make them consider an EV, most people point out that the most important factors are cost-related. 33% say that it costs less to charge an EV than to refuel a gas car, 31% say lower lifetime costs and 28% say lower maintenance costs.
|Which, if any, of these would most encourage you to buy or lease an EV?|
|Costs less to charge than fuelling a gas-powered vehicle||33%|
|Lower overall costs over the lifetime of the vehicle compared to a gas-powered vehicle||31%|
|Lower maintenance costs than gas-powered vehicles||28%|
|Avoids using gasoline||27%|
|No tailpipe emissions (exhaust fumes||23%|
|Similar purchase price to gas-powered vehicles in the same class||21%|
|More reliable than gas-powered vehicles||16%|
|Has all the latest technology||11%|
|No engine noise||10%|
|Better acceleration than gas-powered vehicles||8%|
|attractive styling or other aesthetic features||6%|
|None of these would encourage me to get an EV||19%|
|Which, two, if any, of the following charging options would most encourage you to buy or lease an EV?|
|Free public charging stations||50%|
|Ability to charge it where I live||47%|
|Easy access to fast-charging public stations where I can fully recharge in 30 minutes or less||45%|
|Access to workplace charging stations||10%|
|None of these would encourage me to get an EV||18%|
Interest in EVs Peaks in 2022 in Terms of Sales
Interest in a particular product does not always translate into more sales but it seems to be the case with EVs in the past two years. The International Energy Agency has estimated that electric car sales nearly doubled year on year to 6.6 million in 2021. They accounted for approximately 9% of the global car market, which was 4 times their market share in 2019.
Half of all sales were made in China, followed by Europe where 2.3 million EVs were sold. With 630,000 sales last year, the United States accounted for 10% of the market. The figures do not include fuel cell electric vehicles (EVs that use hydrogen fuel cells) or full hybrids (the battery only provides enough power for driving the car at slower speeds). The IEA report includes only battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
Sales in the U.S. really picked up in 2022 – there was 60% increase in EV registrations in the first quarter of 2022. Although they still only make up around 4.6% of the overall new-car market, their share is expected to increase more rapidly in the coming years.
Figures vary slightly across reporting organizations but according to Cox Automotive, sales of battery-powered EVs jumped to 196,788 in the second quarter of this year, a record high and a 13% increase from Q1. This is also a 66.4% jump from the same period in 2021. Meanwhile, the overall new-car market slowed down with an estimated y-o-y decrease of more than 20%. Sales of hybrids (HEVs) and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) also dropped in Q2. Still, electric car sales in all categories currently make up 12.6% of the total market. Sales of pure EVs account for 5.6% of the total market.
Figures for the third quarter show another record high for EV sales – 205,682 pure EVs were sold, which was a 68% rise year-over-year from the 122,744 units sold in Q3 2021. Sales of hybrids and plug-in hybrids fell 16% from the third quarter of 2021 to 206,072. According to the Cox Automotive data, only 172 fuel cell EVs were sold in Q3 2022, compared to 796 units in the previous quarter and 770 in Q3 of 2021.
Less Than a Third Won’t Buy an EV
Researchers asked those who would not consider getting an electric car (28% of all surveyed) about the reasons behind their reluctance. The top 3 barriers to buying or leasing an EV were charging logistics (61%), the number of miles the vehicle can go before it needs to be charged (55%), and the costs involved with buying, owning, and maintaining an EV (52%).
Additional questions were asked to those who pointed to cost-related or charging concerns as to what would prevent them from getting an electric car. The main cost-related factors were purchase price (58%), maintenance and repair costs (40%), cost of installing a home charger (30%), and battery replacement costs (29%).
Of those who indicated having doubts about the charging logistics of an EV, 59% said there were not enough public charging stations. Other issues mentioned as barriers were a lack of place at home to plug in the car (59%), inconvenience of charging (42%), and long charging times (37%).
|Of the following attributes, which, if any, would prevent you from buying or leasing an electric-only vehicle if you were to buy or lease a vehicle today? (Respondents who said something other than they “definitely plan” to buy/lease an EV)|
|Charging logistics, such as where and when I’d be able to charge it||61%|
|Number of miles the vehicle can go before it needs to be charged||55%|
|Costs involved with buying, owning, and maintaining an EV||52%|
|Not being able to fix the car myself or at my local mechanic||37%|
|Concern about the performance of an EV in cold weather||30%|
|I’d worry that it would not be as powerful as a gas-powered vehicle||18%|
|Not common where I live||15%|
|Lack of models among Evs currently on the market||15%|
|Not sure where I’ll be living in the next few years||10%|
|Don’t like the style/look of any of the models that are currently available||9%|
|Afraid the technology would be hard to use||8%|
|Nothing; I just don’t feel I know enough about Evs to buy one||6%|
|Nothing; I have no interest in getting an EV||12%|
|Barriers to buying or leasing an EV|
|Purchase price||58%||Not enough public charging stations||59%|
|Maintenance and repair costs||40%||Nowhere to plug in my car to charge at home||44%|
|Cost to install a home charger||30%||Inconvenience of charging||42%|
|Battery replacement costs||29%||Long charging times||37%|
|Increase in cost to my electric bill||17%||Concern about my safety when I charge at public charging stations||8%|
|Charging costs at charging stations||15%||Other charging considerations||2%|
|Higher state registration fees for electric-only vehicles||3%|
Nearly Half of Americans Unaware of Incentives
According to the survey, nearly half of U.S. consumers (46%) are unaware of the incentives available to purchase an EV. 34% say they have heard about tax rebates or discounts being offered at the time of purchase or lease. 28% of people knew about tax credits applied at a later time and 18% have heard about certain discounts when installing a home charger and about exemptions from vehicle emissions inspections.
When asked what incentives would encourage them to get an EV, 53% of respondents indicated that these would be tax rebates or discounts when purchasing the vehicle. Others said discounts to install a home charger (49%), tax credits applied at a later time (45%), discounted charging rates (41%), and government incentives for used electric-only vehicles (41%).
|Available or proposed incentives for EV owners||Which incentives have you heard about?||Which, if any, would encourage you to buy/lease an EV?|
|Tax rebates/discounts at the time of purchase or lease||34%||53%|
|Discounts to install a home charger||18%||49%|
|Tax credits applied at a later time||28%||45%|
|Discounted charging rates||13%||41%|
|Government incentives for used electric-only vehicles||N/A||41%|
|Exemptions from vehicle emissions inspections||18%||27%|
|Access to carpool lanes even when driving alone||15%||19%|
|None of these would influence my decision to get an EV||N/A||27%|
|I have not heard of any incentives available for EV owners||46%||N/A|
Car Makers Invest Billions in Building a Domestic EV Supply Chain
The shift to EVs is picking up speed in the US with increased demand from consumers and federal incentives for manufacturing car batteries on US soil. 2022 has been a busy year for auto makers in the US who spent billions in the construction of new car assembly factories and battery facilities. The supply chain disruptions over the past few years due to the Covid-19 pandemic have put pressure on the industry to find new suppliers of parts and materials. The Russian war in Ukraine came with new restrictions, highlighting the importance of creating a domestic EV supply chain.
According to the Center for Automotive Research, cited by the Wall Street Journal, car manufacturers have revealed investment plans totaling roughly $33 billion in 2022. The projects include the construction of car assembly factories for $10.71 billion, while spending on EV battery plants was even greater – around $22.34 billion. These figures are hardly surprising, considering President Biden’s pledge in May to provide $3.1 billion in funding to support US EV battery manufacturing.
In August Honda Motor Co. announced plans for a joint venture company with LG Energy Solution to produce lithium-ion batteries for Honda and Acura EV models. The new $4.4 billion plant would be built in the US. Another company to partner up with LG was General Motors Co., which opened a new battery factory in Ohio. It would add another two facilities, in Tennessee and Michigan. Meanwhile, Toyota is building a $3.8 billion battery production factory a North Carolina. Ford, Hyuindai, and Stellantis have also poured billions in EV projects that are currently underway.
Manufacturers’ investments in new assembly and battery-making facilities on US territory are likely to increase in 2023, fueled by the rise in demand but more importantly, by the intent to resolve the supply chain issues of the past few years”, comments Alan Goldberg, a market analyst at BestBrokers. “While manufacturing could be brought back to the US, car makers still face possible materials shortages as key minerals are mined by the likes of China, Russia, and the DRC.
Data was gathered from a nationally representative survey of 8,027 American consumers, which was released in July by nonprofit consumer research organization Consumer Reports. It was conducted in late January and February online and by phone. Respondents were U.S adults ages 18 and older (average age of 48 years old), 52% were female, 62% were white, non-Hispanic, and 57% had a household income of $50,000 or more.